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Zinaida Naryshkina

Zinaida Naryshkina Mikhailovich (October 17, 1911, Russian Empire - September 5, 1993, Russia) - Soviet and Russian film and theater actress. In Soviet times, the version was spread that she was born into a family belonging to the old noble family of the Naryshkins. Zinaida Mikhailovna herself hid her origin, and only close people knew about her ancestors. Actually, the actress was not related to this genus; at least, the Naryshkin murals do not contain such a person as Zinaida Mikhailovna. Since childhood, the theater was a special object of her dreams. After finishing school, she enters the Moscow Theater "GITIS", where the actor and theater director Sudakov, Ilya Yakovlevich takes over her training. After graduation, she got a job at the Workers' Youth Theater, where she quickly became the leading actress of the troupe. In the theater, she met actor Nikolai Rytkov (1913-1973) and married him. The young actor keen on Esperanto was considered one of the country's leading Esperantists. But in 1938, the decision of the CCA under the NKVD of the USSR of July 2, 1938 "for counter-revolutionary activities" ("participation in the fascist espionist espionage organization and slanderous fabrications about the situation in the USSR") was sentenced to 8 years of labor camps [3]. After the arrest of her husband, Zinaida Mikhailovna was sent to Tashkent, where she joined the Tashkent Theater of the Red Army of the Central Asian Military District. Was busy in all his performances. In 1946 she returned to Moscow and became an actress of Mosestrada, was engaged in reading stories and poems from the stage. She composed herself a lot, but only for herself. Sometimes, to occupy herself with anything, she could sew dresses for ensembles. In 1955 Nikolay Rytkov was released and rehabilitated. He returned to Moscow, to the Leninsky Komsomol Theater. In the mid-1960s, having gone on a business trip abroad to Vienna to the International Conference on Esperanto as head of the Soviet delegation, he refused to return to the USSR, becoming a “defector”. Soon he moved to live in the UK, where he worked as a speaker at the BBC. He died in 1973. In the late 1950s-1960s, sometimes he appeared in episodic film roles. One of the major (actually the main role) she played only once - in the film “The Snowy Tale” (her heroine was called the Paper Soul - the cunning fairy woman helped the Old Year to do everything so that time stopped and the New Year did not come). Since the 1970s, she has become a "star" of the Soyuzmultfilm studio, having achieved success in dubbing many cartoons, while having her grandmother's funny and sonorous voice. In the fairy tale “Santa Claus and Summer,” she voiced the Crow (in particular, she says the famous phrase “Koooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo!”). The success of the actress cemented the brightly “played” role of the Owl in Fyodor Khitruk’s cartoon film “Winnie the Pooh and Day of Cares” (1972). On September 5, 1993, Zinaida Mikhailovna Naryshkina died. There was no one to bury her, she was not listed in any state, the Radio Committee and STD refused to take part. For a month her body lay in the morgue unclaimed, after which it was cremated, and the ashes buried in a common grave of unclaimed ashes.

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