Olga Zhizneva was born in St. Petersburg. She studied acting in the Dramatic School of the State Demonstrative Theater and the School at the Theater Korsch. Since 1920, acted as an actress of dramatic theater. Since 1924 starred in the movie. Since 1946 - actress of the Studio Theater actor. She was married to director A. M. Rohom. She died on November 10, 1972. She was buried at the Vvedenskoye (German) cemetery next to her husband.