Edward Ian Macnaughton (30 December 1925 – 10 December 2002) was a Scottish former actor-turned-television producer/director, best known for his work with the Monty Python team. He was born and brought up in Glasgow, educated at Strathallan School, and died in a car accident in Munich. Serving as both director and producer of Monty Python's Flying Circus, MacNaughton also directed the team's first film, And Now For Something Completely Different and their German special, Monty Python's Fliegender Zirkus. In 1979, he made the short movie Le Pétomane about farting artist Joseph Pujol, starring Leonard Rossiter. He also was the producer of Spike Milligan's Q, which was a big influence on the Monty Python team.